Pavlovsk – Imperial Palace and Park near St. Petersburg
Pavlovsk, one of the beautiful suburbs of St. Petersburg, is located 30 kilometers from the city, close to the former summer residence of the Romanov Imperial dynasty. The journey from the city takes about 20 minutes by train.
“Pavlovsk” state museum and reserve is well known for its world-famous 500 ha landscape park, located on the banks of the Slavyanka river, park facilities and the main imperial palace exhibiting wonderful collections of fine and decorative arts.
The birth to the residence was given by Empress Catherine II in the late 18th century, when she granted a large area of the hunting lands to her son Paul and his wife, Maria Fedorovna after the birth of their son, the future Emperor Alexander the First. Construction began immediately with the active participation of Catherine herself, her son and his wife. Paul and Maria Fedorovna assembled a remarkable collection of paintings, sculptures, objects of decoration during their trips to Europe. Many valuables stored in the complex were also presented to the royals by European monarchs.
The residence was constructed by great architects of the late 18th – early 19th century: Charles Cameron, Vincenzo Brenna, Andrei Voronikhin, Giacomo Quarenghi, Carlo Rossi.
After the death of Emperor Paul I, the palace was inherited by his wife, further Empress, and then by their descendants. In 1836 the first Russian railway reached Pavlovsk.
After 1918 the palace was turned into a public museum to build up the collection, maintain park facilities and to hold exhibitions. Unfortunately, Pavlovsk was severely damaged during the fighting, occupation and the fire during the Second World War. Restoration of the museum lasted for several decades, but to its 200th anniversary in 1977, the majestic residence acquired its former splendour.
Today Pavlovsk museum offers a great exposition of 60 thousand Russian and European paintings, sculptures, furniture, porcelain and rare books. Temporary exhibitions, festivals, classical music concerts and lectures are held regularly.
Things to do in Pavlovsk Park
Splendid Pavlovsk park features romantic garden pavilions, shady avenues, bridges, colonnades and sculptures. The park is so big that it is impossible to walk it in a day.
To get a full impression of the complex it is better to rent a bike in summer or the Finnish sleigh in winter and to go riding with a map of the park with marked sights. If this opportunity doesn’t suit you, there are guided tours on electric vehicles, on a train, in a carriage, you can even ride on a horseback, which suits the park atmosphere the most. Boat rental works in summer from 11:00 to 21:00 at the Rozovopavilonnii and Vokzalnii ponds. Attention: Stock up nuts and prepare to meet friendly squirrels!
Opening hours and tickets
The park is open from mid-May to the end of October – from 6.00 to 24.00, in the rest of the time from 6:00 to 22:00. Ticket costs 100 RUB for adults and 50 RUB for pupils. Free admission to the park on weekdays from 6:00 to 10:00 and from 18:00 to 24:00 in the summer and from 6:00 to 10:00 and from 18:00 to 22:00 in the winter (except the Mramornie gates entrance). The palace is open from 10:00 to 18:00. Entrance fee – 400 RUB for adults and for children from 7 to 18 years – 150 RUB. Prices may vary.
How to get there
Adress: Pavlovsk, Sadovaya str., b.20
Transportation: train from Vitebskii railway station or from Kupchino platform (nearby to the Kupchino metro station).
Shuttle buses to Pavlovsk start from Moskovskaya metro station (Route 299) and Kupchino metro station (Route 286).
+7 (812) 452 21 55
Official site www.pavlovskmuseum.ru