Artillery Museum

, updated on April 28, 2014
kids, entertainment, USSR

The Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineering and Army Signal Corps is the only place in the world where Russian Military history is fully and visually represented. The largest collection of guns, ammunition, small arms and cold weapons, means of military communication, military and engineering equipment, battle flags, military uniforms, different awards, rich archives of documents and an extensive library of military history – are currently amassed in the museum.

The origin

The museum was founded by Peter the First who ordered the construction of a special arsenal on the territory of Peter-and-Paul Fortress to store ancient artillery guns.

By the end of the XVIII century the museum’s collection had extended to over 6000 exhibit items. In the year 1868 the museum, which had limited space, got a brand new place of residence. Moving into the building of the former arsenal situated in Crownwork at Peter-and-Paul’s Fortress, where it can be found to this day.

The Museum acquired the status of storage for  weaponry of All-Russian importance and this spiraled into the creation of a scientific library within the museum.

In 1965 the Military Museum of Communications joined the Artillery Museum. It filled the museum’s collection with rarities such as the world’s first electromagnetic telegraph invented by Schilling P.L., the world’s first radio engineered by Popov A.S. and Bodo’s telegraph which transferred the act of unconditional surrender of Germany in 1945.

In 1991 the museum’s collection was enriched with a collection of exhibits from the Polish memorial house-museum of Kutuzov M.I. Kutuzov Hall was then founded and the commander’s room was reconstructed with his personal belongings used in its design.

The Museum at present day

The Museum has one of the World’s most complete collections of artillery; it counts more than 1200 pieces of ordnance and mine throwers starting with sacks and harquebuses of the XIV century; ending with modern atomic artillery and rocket technology. Almost half of this collection represents foreign guns from thirty three countries of the world.

The pictures of the best Russian battle painters, rare photographs, many of which have dedicatory inscriptions from the representatives of the Imperial Family, as well as the personal weapons of the Emperors of The Russian Empire, Napoleon Bonaparte, Marshal Murat I. Russian and Soviet military commanders are collected in the Museum’s funds.

Since 2002 an external exposition has been open near the Museum area that has stretched out for more than two hectares located in the courtyard of the Crownwork. It consists of 250 pieces of artillery, engineer equipment, missile munitions up to the current models.

The Museum exposition takes 13 rooms altogether, which is more than 17 thousand square meters. The Museum Fund includes:

700 thousand exhibits;

15 thousand archive files;

100 thousand volumes of military-historical literature;

90 thousand negatives and slides.

The cultural and educational work of the Museum

The museum periodically holds scientific conferences, the Large and Small exhibition halls host temporary thematic exhibitions, a lecture hall is also operational here. The Studio of European histrionic fencing “Silhouette” operates on the Museum’s territory. Its students hold open costume classes demonstrating mastery of fencing techniques, starting with the Viking Age finishing with Napoleon times.

The museum is open from 11:00 to 17:00, is closed on Monday, Tuesday and last Thursday of the month.

Contact

Address: 197046, St. Petersburg, Alexander Park, 7. Metro:  Metro “Gorkovskaya”

Tel. / Fax:  +7(812) 610 33 01, (812) 232 02 96, (812) 232 02 96

Website: www.artillery-museum.ru

Translation by Evgenya Gavrilova
Edited by Joan Akatukunda

About Margo Zinger

I live, i love, i write...here in St.Pete!

2 Comments

  1. steven andreano

    December 15, 2014 at 8:56 am

    Hi,
    After waiting some 20 years I will finally be going to St Petersburg Russia. July 27 & 28 2015. The s the museum is closed. We’ll be on a Norwegian Cruise line tour so there is no changing the dates. I know it’s a lot to ask but is there anyway of contacting the museum to see if I can some how get to go. It’s half the reason I talked the family into going. I’m a Historical Artist and want to photograph some of their pieces . Really really appreciate any help!

    • Polina Polyakova

      December 16, 2014 at 1:05 am

      Hi! Yes, for that reason you have chosen not the best days. I chaecked museum websites, even for travel groups and guides the museum is not accessible. Also Central Naval Museum closed on Monday and Tuesday. But, perhaps, you may like Political History Museum – http://petersburg4u.com/museum-of-the-political-history
      and in Peter and Paul Fortress http://petersburg4u.com/peter-and-paul-fortress with all its exhibions you may need 3-4 hours, and artillery museum is just opposite side of the street to the Fortress entrance. Museum’s vast outdoor exhibition is still accessible for making pictures.

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